Testing display of HTML elements

This is 2nd level heading

This is a test paragraph.

This is 3rd level heading

This is a test paragraph.

This is 4th level heading

This is a test paragraph.

This is 5th level heading

This is a test paragraph.

This is 6th level heading

This is a test paragraph.

Basic block level elements

This is a normal paragraph (p element). To add some length to it, let us mention that this page was primarily written for testing the effect of user style sheets. You can use it for various other purposes as well, like just checking how your browser displays various HTML elements by default. It can also be useful when testing conversions from HTML format to other formats, since some elements can go wrong then.

This is another paragraph. I think it needs to be added that the set of elements tested is not exhaustive in any sense. I have selected those elements for which it can make sense to write user style sheet rules, in my opionion.

This is a div element. Authors may use such elements instead of paragraph markup for various reasons. (End of div.)

This is a block quotation containing a single paragraph. Well, not quite, since this is not really quoted text, but I hope you understand the point. After all, this page does not use HTML markup very normally anyway.

The following contains address information about the author, in an address element.

Jukka Korpela, jukkakk@gmail.com
Päivänsäteenkuja 4 A, Espoo, Finland


This is a paragraph before an unnumbered list (ul). Note that the spacing between a paragraph and a list before or after that is hard to tune in a user style sheet. You can't guess which paragraphs are logically related to a list, e.g. as a "list header".

The following is a menu list:

The following is a dir list:

This is a paragraph before a numbered list (ol). Note that the spacing between a paragraph and a list before or after that is hard to tune in a user style sheet. You can't guess which paragraphs are logically related to a list, e.g. as a "list header".

  1. One.
  2. Two.
  3. Three. Well, probably this list item should be longer. Note that if items are short, lists look better if they are compactly presented, whereas for long items, it would be better to have more vertical spacing between items.
  4. Four. This is the last item in this list. Let us terminate the list now without making any more fuss about it.

This is a paragraph before a definition list (dl). In principle, such a list should consist of terms and associated definitions. But many authors use dl elements for fancy "layout" things. Usually the effect is not too bad, if you design user style sheet rules for dl which are suitable for real definition lists.

see recursion
recursion, indirect
see indirect recursion
indirect recursion
see recursion, indirect
a word or other expression taken into specific use in a well-defined meaning, which is often defined rather rigorously, even formally, and may differ quite a lot from an everyday meaning

Text-level markup

Some of the elements tested above are typically displayed in a monospace font, often using the same presentation for all of them. This tests whether that is the case on your browser:


This is a text paragraph that contains some inline links. Generally, inline links (as opposite to e.g. links lists) are problematic from the usability perspective, but they may have use as “incidental”, less relevant links. See the document Links Want To Be Links.


This is a form containing various fields (with some initial values (defaults) set, so that you can see how input text looks like without actually typing it):
Button: A cool
Reset button:
Single-line text input field:
Multi-line text input field (textarea):
Default text.
The following two radio buttons are inside a fieldset element with a legend:


Radio button 1
Radio button 2 (initially checked)

Check those that apply

Checkbox 1
Checkbox 2 (initially checked)
A select element with size="1" (dropdown box): one two (default) three
A select element with size="3" (listbox):
one two (default) three
Submit button:


The following table has a caption. The first row and the first column contain table header cells (th elements) only; other cells are data cells (td elements), with align="right" attributes:

Sample table: Areas of the Nordic countries, in sq km
CountryTotal areaLand area
Denmark 43,070 42,370
Finland 337,030 305,470
Iceland 103,000 100,250
Norway 324,220 307,860
Sweden 449,964 410,928

Character test

The following table has some sample characters with annotations. If the browser’s default font does not contain all of them, they may get displayed using backup fonts. This may cause stylistic differences, but it should not prevent the characters from being displayed at all.

ê e with circumflex Latin 1 character, should be ok
em dash Windows Latin 1 character, should be ok, too
Ā A with macron (line above) Latin Extended-A character, not present in all fonts
Ω capital omega A Greek letter
minus sign Unicode minus
diameter sign relatively rare in fonts


In the following, a width setting should cause some hyphenation, depending on support to various methods of hyphenation.

CSS-based hyphenation

Until recently the great majority of naturalists believed that species were immutable productions, and had been separately created. This view has been ably maintained by many authors.

JavaScript-driven hyphenation

Until re­cently the great ma­jor­ity of nat­u­ral­ists be­lieved that species were im­mutable pro­duc­tions, and had been sep­a­rately cre­ated. This view has been ably main­tained by many au­thors.

Explicit hyphenation hints (soft hyphens)

Un­til re­cent­ly the great ma­jor­i­ty of nat­u­ral­ists be­lieved that spe­cies were im­mu­ta­ble pro­duc­tions, and had been sep­a­rate­ly cre­at­ed. This view has been ably main­tain­ed by many au­thors.

Jukka Korpela